Tuesday, December 30, 2014

Journal of my trip to Israel – Day 9 & 10

Day 9

Brief history of the Temple Mount (visited yesterday and today): Abraham came here (Mount Moriah) to sacrifice his son Isaac. Solomon built the Temple on this land which his father King David purchased from Aravnah, the Jebusite. That Temple, destroyed by the Babylonian conqueror Nebuchadnezzar in 568 BC, was rebuilt 70 years later and restored to its original glory by Herod, 2000 years ago. Such was it splendour, it was said that, "he who has not seen the Temple of Herod has not seen a building of true beauty." In 70 AD this Temple was destroyed by the Romans, burned to the ground and its stones scattered.

The Western Wall (Wailing Wall) was the retaining wall for the temple and the only part of the Temple to survive the Roman destruction. It was built to support the western side of the Temple Mount. It is the most sacred structure of the Jewish people. Its ancient stones stand testimony to a glorious Jewish past, a proud heritage and an extraordinary national rebirth. It is a focus of Jewish longing and prayer for redemption and renewal.

While praying at the wall I felt an overwhelming sense of gratitude for all God has done for me. Then later when I went back to the southern wall area I felt incredibly blessed to be in the same place that God chose for his Son to come.

We walked through the Western Wall tunnel which goes from the Wailing Wall and heads north. It was excavated after 1967 when Israel regained access to the area. We saw stones from Herod's time, as well as cisterns and water channels which helps in knowing what the temple area looked like in Jesus' time and later.

From there we went to the Tower of David but it's not King David's as it was built in Herod's time to protect the city. It is now a museum and has lots of models of the ancient city and records 4000 years of Jerusalem's history.

Day 10
Today we travelled to Caesarea on the Mediterranean Sea. It was good to out of the city and feel the sea breeze. The number of tourists and tourist buses in Jerusalem is unbelievable.

In 30 BC Herod was awarded the small village of Straton's Tower. He built a large port city at the site and called it Caesarea. It was a planned city, with crisscrossing roads, a temple, theatre, amphitheatre, markets and residential quarters. By the year 6 BC it had become the headquarters of the Roman government in Palestine. Caesarea served as a base for the Roman legions who dealt with the quelling of the Great Jewish Revolt. After the destruction of Jerusalem it became the most important city in the country. There are ruins from later periods as well as earlier times.

Cornelius lived at Caesarea. The Gospel slowly travelled to the Gentiles via the God fearers (Cornelius) to genuine Gentiles. The disciples struggled to include Gentiles and it wasn't until persecution came that they eventually left Jerusalem.

Next we went to Mount Carmel - amazing views. This is the fertile part of the country so it is good to be away from the desert though there is still plenty of rocks.

Mt. Carmel -Today instead of offering children to pagan gods we abort them. Both these things are done for economic reasons. Previously it was in the misguided belief that the pagan god would bring about fertility which would lead to economic gain. These days it is women don't want to interrupt their careers to have babies and deprive them of income.

Travelling on to Megiddo which is an extensive archaeological site where they found 22 levels of civilisations, covering a number of time spans. Two stable complexes were found which attests to Megiddo's status as a major chariot city. It is felt these date to one of the Israelite kings. Some feel there are remains from Solomon's building efforts (and it is interesting to note that Solomon had a lot of horses 1 Kings 9:15, 1 Kings 4:25-29). Megiddo is also known as Armageddon. It is a strategic place geographically as it is the land bridge between Europe, Africa and the east, avoiding the desert and the sea and also fertile enough to feed large armies.

Overnight in Nazareth.

Link to Day 11 & 12 .

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Saturday, December 27, 2014

Devotional Thought : Ezra 7:27-28

Praise be to the Lord, the God of our ancestors, who has put it into the king’s heart to bring honor to the house of the Lord in Jerusalem in this way and who has extended his good favor to me before the king and his advisers and all the king’s powerful officials. Because the hand of the Lord my God was on me, I took courage and gathered leaders from Israel to go up with me. Ezra 7:27-28

God put it in the heart of a pagan king to allow Ezra to go to Jerusalem, plus he gave him the necessary resources so that regular temple sacrifices could continue. Possibly the king had mixed motives and was trying to appease all gods so that things would go well in his kingdom (v.23). Nevertheless it was an answer to Ezra's dreams.

When Ezra realized that God orchestrated for him to receive favour from the king, he took courage. It wasn't when he felt ready, equipped or adequate for the task but when he saw the favour of God on his life. Ezra knew he could not rely on his own sufficient to make the journey. However by realizing God's enabling grace was on him (the hand of the Lord), he knew it was the right time to make the long and dangerous journey.

As Christians we are often slow to recognize God's favour. Often we think it is circumstantial, good luck or our own good planning when things go well rather than acknowledging God's favour. Thus we don't take the opportunities to take hold of God's enabling and step out of our comfort zones to make a difference in God's kingdom.

Furthermore it is often our desire for God's enabling which creates the opportunity for us to experience his favour.

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Wednesday, December 24, 2014

Merry Christmas

With my very best wishes for a happy Christmas to all who pass by here. I bought this Christmas ornament in Bethlehem on my recent trip.

I’ll be away for a few days catching up with family.

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Tuesday, December 23, 2014

Journal of my trip to Israel – Day 7 & 8

Day 7

Today we went to the temple mount. Given that it was closed a couple of weeks ago it was great to be there despite the fact that it was raining. The Temple Mount is a large area. It is dominated by the Dome of the Rock but there is much space around it and much speculation as to where the Temple was actually located.

We visited the Wohl Archaeology Museum in the Herodian Quarter of the Jewish Quarter of the Old City. We walked through the remains of first century homes belonging to Jerusalem's wealthy leaders and priests during the last days of the Second Temple period. The area contains six luxurious houses which contained artefacts from the daily lives of the owners – decorated walls, mosaics, ritual purification pools (Mikvah's), eating utensils, household objects, coins, souvenirs, furniture and even ancient cosmetics. The priests were obviously making good money from exploiting those coming to the temple. We also went to the Burnt House Museum – Katros House where remains from 70 AD were found including evidence of the fire that ravaged the house. The House of Katros was the name of one of the four dynasties of High Priests who exploited the people and misused their position. They were known for making harsh legal rulings and for granting members of their own family positions in the Temple.

It would appear that ideological dilemmas (Zealots, Priests, Pharisees, Sadducees) and the social gaps brought on the city's destruction. Jerusalem's aristocracy, mainly Sadducees, agreed to compromise in regard to Roman culture on condition that the Jews would continue to enjoy religious autonomy and that Jerusalem remain the religious centre. The Pharisees, claimed that it was preferable to lose Jerusalem rather than compromise on Jewish culture and identity which according to them, was the centre of Jewish life. There were even those who claimed that Jerusalem under gentile rule was not a true Jerusalem. And therefore a "Celestial Jerusalem" must be founded someplace else-a spiritual Jerusalem where the emphasis would be on spiritual life (the Essenes). Jerusalem's Jewish aristocracy, the wealthy inhabitants of the Upper City began to integrate into Roman culture. In contrast those opposed to the Romans lived, for the most part in the lower city. The day came when those with extreme beliefs in Jewish values and traditions, would begin physical resistance against the Romans and the Jews faithful to the empire. Was it preferable to die in a revolt for Jewish principals and freedom, or to live under political oppression?

After lunch we went into the City of David and saw foundations from David's time. Then we went through Hezekiel's tunnel which was a lot of fun - walking though a very narrow dark tunnel with shin deep water flowing through it. So I was glad I was with a group. It is an amazing engineering feat and they are still unsure how they achieved it. The tunnel finishes at the Pool of Siloam which they only found in 2005 by accident but they haven't been able to fully excavate it as the land is owned by the Greek Orthodox Church.

Pool of Siloam - man born blind. First reaction was to look for someone to blame. Jesus - forget about apportioning blame and let's do something to solve the problem.

Day 8
Today we had communion at the Garden Tomb which was probably not Jesus' tomb but is more like his tomb would have been. As you walk out there is a notice which says, He is not here. He is risen, which is really meaningful to read at the site.

At the Garden Tomb I was reminded of the slave girl who Abraham Lincoln bought to set free. She said: "Well sir, if that's the case, (that you have secured my freedom) then I choose to serve you all the days of my life."

From there we visited a current archaeological dig and the person in charge explained various aspects of the site. Decisions have to be made about what to keep and what to excavate, which was helpful information when looking at other digs.

Next we went to the southern wall excavation which is probably where Pentecost occurred, logically you need space for 3000 people and access to water for baptisms, which there would have been because of all the Mikvah's. This was the entrance point to the temple mount so Jesus must have walked here!

Link to Day 9 & 10.

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Saturday, December 20, 2014

Devotional Thought : Ezra 6:3-4

In the first year of King Cyrus, the king issued a decree concerning the temple of God in Jerusalem: Let the temple be rebuilt as a place to present sacrifices, and let its foundations be laid. It is to be sixty cubits high and sixty cubits wide with three courses of large stones and one of timbers. The costs are to be paid by the royal treasury. Ezra 6:3-4

"The temple that King Solomon built for the LORD was sixty cubits long, twenty wide and thirty high" (1 Kings 6:2).

The new temple was expected to be much larger and twice as high as Solomon's. Furthermore Cyrus was prepared to pay for it, yet it seems the resulting temple was smaller than Solomon's (3:12).

According to Josephus Herod blamed Cyrus for determining the measurements "… nor let any one condemn our fathers for their negligence or want of piety herein, for it was not their fault that the temple was no higher; for they were Cyrus, and Darius the son of Hystaspes, who determined the measures for its rebuilding; … they had not the opportunity to follow the original model of this pious edifice, nor could raise it to its ancient altitude" (Josephus 380-390).

The Bible does not apportion blame or explain why it wasn't built to specifications. Was the project was too overwhelming for the small group of newly returned exiles? Perhaps they lack the faith or willingness to commit to such an undertaking.

It is interesting that it was Herod, of dubious Jewish heritage, who restored the Temple to its original glory. Even Jesus' disciples were impressed: “Look, Teacher! What massive stones! What magnificent buildings!” (Mark 13:1).

God will fulfil his purposes. Let's exercise our faith and be part of that fulfilment, rather than leaving it to others.

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Thursday, December 18, 2014

Belated Blog Tour : The Songs of Jesse Adams

I was in Israel when the blog tour for The Songs of Jesse Adams by Peter McKinnon was organized by Australian Christian Readers Blog Alliance . However I thought I would post the details now:



is introducing


Acorn Press

by

Peter McKinnon


About the Book:
Set in the turmoil of social change and political unrest of Australia during the 1960s, The Songs of Jesse Adams traces the meteoric rise of a boy from the bush – a farmer’s son who breaks away to follow his heart, his dreams and his love of music. But, as Jesse travels with his band and the crowds gather, it becomes clear that something else is afoot. This rock singer captivates and transforms a host of fans who hear his songs and encounter his touch.

Lives are changed in unexpected ways and the enigmatic Jesse becomes a symbol of hope and freedom for those on society’s edge. But not all will celebrate the rising tide of influence of this charismatic figure whose words and actions challenge those in power – the media, the politicians, the church. In one tumultuous week this clash of ideals comes to a head – with profound consequences.

Awash in all the protest and collapse of conservative Australia, the colour and madness that was the sixties, The Songs of Jesse Adams is a tale of conflict, betrayal and tragedy, but ultimately the triumph of love.

*Warning this book contains some language that some readers may find offensive*


About the Author:
For seventeen years, Peter McKinnon held senior roles in some of Australia’s largest corporations, with a focus on human behaviour and organisational effectiveness. This culminated in his appointment in 1999 as Executive General Manager, People & Culture, of Australia’s then largest financial organisation, National Australia Bank.

In late 2006, Peter was approached to head up the global human resources function of World Vision International(WVI), based in Los Angeles. WVI is the world’s largest humanitarian aid organisation, with over 40,000 employees in 100 different countries and countless volunteers working in highly diverse and challenging settings.

When he returned to Australia in late 2009, he committed to pursuing his creative interests more directly and began to write. ‘The Songs of Jesse Adams’ is the result.

Peter has been published in publications as wide-ranging as the ‘Age’, ‘The Australian Women’s Weekly’ and ‘4 x 4‘ magazine and regards winning a Pacific cruise for his writing as his crowning achievement in this field ! He has also written and produced several musicals.

Peter is a qualified psychologist, has studied theology, worked briefly as a minister and served on the Council of the MCD University of Divinity.

He lives in Melbourne with his wife Julie. This is his first book.

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Tuesday, December 16, 2014

Journal of my trip to Israel – Day 5 & 6

Day 5
This morning we visited three museums. First the Israeli Museum which had an enormous model of the Old City which was very helpful in understanding where things were in Jesus' time.

Second the Shrine of the Book where they keep the Dead Sea Scrolls. The scrolls were very neatly written.

Dead Sea Scrolls spoke of dedication, excellence, skill of the scribes. Their work blessed future generations. Excellences points to God whereas perfectionism points to man.

Third the Holocaust Memorial which was quite confronting. However the most amazing thing was the connection made between the loss of six millions Jews in World War II with the fact that three years later Israel was declared a nation.

In the Holocaust memorial there was no sense of blaming God or disbelieving in God but rather that out of suffering came rebirth. Their suffering had a purpose. Germany is now Israel's biggest supporter after the US.

This afternoon we started visiting some of the sites connected with Jesus' last week - upper room, pit where Jesus was held overnight and courtyard where Peter denied Jesus. In the 4th century when Christianity was recognized they seemed to build a church on every significant Christian site in Jerusalem. Still, it is the location that is important not the building.

Day 6
Today the bus took us to the base of the Mount of Olives and we walked in the Kidron Valley where there are some huge tombs there carved from the cliffs. Then we went to a garden which is very probably Gethsemane. There is now a church there but it was good to be there and read the Gospel account.

Garden of Gethsemane - in a challenging situation like the one the disciples found themselves in, the human response is fight or flight. Peter's response was to fight but the other disciples' response was to flee. However God often wants us to stay and wait for his purposes to be revealed. The disciples were forgiven yet they learnt more godly responses through God's enabling.

Then we went into the Old City and saw the pool of Bethsaida where Jesus healed the man who was apparently waiting for the angel to stir the water. We visited, The Church of St Anne which has very good acoustics and it is common for groups to sing. Our group sang How Great Thou Art and How Great is our God. The Canadian group after us sang, Holy Holy Holy so we stay and sang that too. It was like a foretaste of heaven to sing with Christians from other nations.

Pool of Bethsaida – was possibly by a temple to another god. People hedge their bets thinking if one god doesn't heal me maybe another one will. God's miracles are not like pieces of a pie. God has unlimited resources. No one else can steal my blessings or my miracles!

From there we walked the Via Dolorosa (Way of the Cross). The path Jesus walked after Pilate handed him over to be crucified. It is quite likely the path as the roads are basically in the same place as they were then. After lunch we went to the Holy Sepulchre - the place where Jesus was crucified and buried – it is unrecognisable with religious buildings all over and around it.

Link to Day 7 & 8.

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Saturday, December 13, 2014

Devotional Thought : Ezra 4:1

When the enemies of Judah and Benjamin heard that the exiles were building a temple for the Lord, the God of Israel, they came to Zerubbabel …and said, “Let us help you build…" Ezra 4:1

Ezra immediately identifies these people as "enemies" yet it seems they want to help. They said, "because, like you, we seek your God and have been sacrificing to him since the time of Esarhaddon king of Assyria, who brought us here" (v.2).

The problem was they did not worship the Lord exclusively. If the returning exiles had let these people help them they would have had some claim to the temple and used it to worship other gods. These people eventually became Samaritans.

Some commentators criticise the Jews for not letting these people help and suggest that the Samaritans would not have become a separate group of people if they had. Yet the Jews' motive was to keep their worship of God pure and have nothing to do with foreign gods. This is entirely understandable when you consider that they have just returned from a seventy year exile which came about largely because of idol worship.

Perhaps the things that really confirms these people as enemies is once they weren't allowed to help they become persistently discouraging (v.4-5). It revealed their mixed motives.

Sometimes not being allowed to help is the thing that reveals motives. How to we feel when we are stopped by others from performing some act of service or helpful deed? Do we become angry and disillusioned? If so, perhaps we need to consider why we offered to help. Were we hoping to gain something in return? A monetary gift, grateful acknowledgement, favour, or a boost in our self-esteem?

Let's do our giving unconditionally simply because we want to bless someone else.

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Thursday, December 11, 2014

Bringing God pleasure

Eric Liddell is credited with saying, “God made me fast and when I run, I feel his pleasure.” God was the one who created us with the ability to do certain things well. It is therefore somewhat surprising he can take pleasure in those very things. If we have artistic ability and create a painting, God is pleased. Yet surely God could have produced a much better painting and he has. He has given us sunsets and sunrises which far outstrip our abilities with paint and brushes. God is an extravagant Creator. He does not just create one type of flower or one type of dog but he created masses of varieties. He doesn’t create one type of grass or one type of heavenly body but a vast assortment. Nevertheless God is like a parent who takes pleasure in the pictures his children bring home from kindergarten.

For a long time I associated God’s pleasure with more “sacred” activities like going to church and Bible study groups. However God does not distinguish between secular and sacred activities. Everything is sacred. This means whether I am using my creative abilities, my homemaking ability, or my abilities in church activities, we can bring God pleasure by the way we use the gifts he has given us. God intends for us to enjoy doing things for which he has gifted us. 1 Timothy 6:17 tells us that people should “…put their hope in God, who richly provides us with everything for our enjoyment.” He expects us to enjoy those things he has provided.

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Tuesday, December 09, 2014

Journal of my trip to Israel – Day 3 & 4

Day 3
Today we travelled to Tel Arad where there is an archaeological site with six levels of settlement dating from the period of the Judean Kingdom – 900 to 600 BC. The fortress area contained a temple with a Holy of Holies which is surprising since the only Holy of Holies was supposed to be in Jerusalem. Residential structures were also found. On the same site there are also remains of a Canaanite city from about 3000 BC.

Archaeology often has different chronology to Biblical history. Is this because the Bible doesn't record history accurately? Is this because archaeological timing is inaccurate? Is it because we only have some of the information and not all? Interesting that the central stones in every house in Tel Arad are broken and suggests a deliberate act of violence perpetrated against foreign gods.

Next went to Tel Beer Shev - where there are also many layers of civilizations. They keep building on the same sites because they are on a travel route and near a water source. The first fortified city was established here in about 900 BC as one of the important administrative centres of the Kingdom of Judah. A four-horned altar was reconstructed from stones found buried in the storehouse. The fact that it has been dismantled and buried attests to a change in the kingdom's ritual customs. This is in line with the religious reforms initiated by King Hezekiah (800 BC) according to the Bible 2 Kings 18:1-4. (The temple discovered at Tel Arad was also done away with in this reform.). A well was also found at the gate and some feel this is connected to the one mentioned in Genesis 21:27-32.

Then we visited the Australian war memorial for Light Horse Brigade in WWI. The Australian Light Horses secured the water supply at Beersheba and thus ensure victory over the Turks which lead to freeing Jerusalem and eventually paved the way for Israel to become a country again.

Arrived in Jerusalem just as it was getting dark.

Day 4
This morning we went to the Mount of Olives where there are great views of the Old City. It was emotional looking at the Old City from the Mount of Olives thinking about Jesus weeping over Jerusalem. There are churches on all the significant Christian spots so there is a church here called Dominus Flevit meaning, The Lord has wept.

There's lots of grave stones in the Kidron Valley. This is where it is believed that Elijah had his vision of the dry bones being resurrected.

Interesting people wanted to be buried in the Kidron Valley in order to be the first to be resurrected! They spend big money to get this prime real estate to be buried here. Do they really think this is how God operates?

We then went to Herodian - another of Herod's palaces and an important archaeological site.

From there we went to Bethlehem and the Church of the Nativity which was somewhat of an anti climax since the church has been built over the spot and looks nothing like it would have done. However we also went to the Shepherds Fields where there are caves and it felt a bit more like Jesus' time.

When King Herod asked where the Messiah would be born the religious people of the day knew, but they did nothing because he didn't met their expectations. Likewise God may want to do something outside our expectation.

Link to Day 5 & 6.

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Saturday, December 06, 2014

Devotional Thought : Micah 4:2

Many nations will come and say, "Come, let us go up to the mountain of the Lord, to the temple of the God of Jacob. He will teach us his ways, so that we may walk in his paths." The law will go out from Zion, the word of the Lord from Jerusalem. Micah 4:2

One day the nations will want to know God's ways. One day it will be obviously living God's ways is the best way to live. One day the world will realize how wonderful it is to live under God's government.

God chose the nation of Israel to show the world how good it was to live under his Sovereignty. Israel was supposed to be a light to the nations. Through Abraham it was clear that God's intention was for his blessings to flow to all nations (Genesis 12:3). Yet Israel did not follow God's commands and therefore did not give God a good name among the nations. In fact God's complaint against his people as recorded in Ezekiel 36:16-38 was instead of making following God attractive to other nations, they had profaned his holy name.

Nevertheless in the New Testament we find Paul and Barnabas quoting Isaiah 42:6 in Acts 13:47 expressing the thought that they were called to be "a light for the Gentiles."

Today God's intention is that Christians are light to their communities so that people will see how good it is to live according to God's ways. The way we live our lives is suppose to be attractive to others. It doesn't mean our life will be without difficulties but it should be seen that our lives have meaning and purpose, that we have a source of strength and peace beyond ourselves, and that we have a hope that defies logic.

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Thursday, December 04, 2014

Book Review : The Blue Hen

Des Dillon captures the hopelessness and despair of the long term unemployed in his short book, The Blue Hen. The book portrays the effects of continuing unemployment in a small village near Glasgow and the resulting downward spiral into drug abuse, alcoholism and depression.

The story focuses on two men, John and his friend who is not named. The story is told from the point of view of the unnamed friend. John and his friend were employed at a local factory which produced steel tubes for gas pipes. They spent months expecting the factory to close yet when it does they, and their work mates, are unprepared for the ongoing ramifications. Many are left unemployed with few prospects for obtaining regular work again. Too many idle people cause numerous social problems. John and his friend attempt several schemes to earn money but all are thwarted by lack of knowledge, lack of skill or by being sabotaged by former work mates.

Des Dillon does an excellent job in capturing the frustration and dejection of the perpetual jobless.

This book is part of the Quick Reads series and is an insightful read.

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Tuesday, December 02, 2014

Journal of my trip to Israel - Day 1 & 2

Day 1

My trip to Israel was part of a group tour organized by Harvest Bible College. It was a study tour and a subject for my Bachelor in Christian Ministry. Some of the historic information in these posts comes from brochures given to us at the sites. The paragraphs in italics are some spiritual reflections - some mine, some the tour leaders, and some from other group members.

We flew to Amman in Jordan and our first stop was Mt. Nebo which I found disappointing. It was hazy which is apparently normal due to sand from the desert so not a great view. I also suspect it was much greener and perhaps less rocky when Moses saw it (?)

Moses saw the promise but did not enter it however he paved the way so Joshua could. Sometimes our role is to pave the way for others.

From Mt. Nebo we went to the Allenby Bridge to cross into Israel which took some time. From there we went to Qumran which was where the Dead Sea Scrolls were found. It was where the Essenes lived in Jesus' time. In 68 AD during the Great Jewish revolt, the Romans conquered Qumran and dispersed the sect. A Roman garrison was then stationed at Qumran but when this was relocated, the site was abandoned.

The Essenes saw that the priesthood had become more political than spiritual and isolated themselves at Qumran. They made their community secretive, and difficult for others to join or leave. This is not Christ like or the model of the early church. In times of difficulties isolation is not the answer.

Day 2
This morning saw the sun rise over the Dead Sea after an exhausting walk up Masada (caught the cable car on return).

Masada is a historic site rather than a Biblical site. Herod (37 BC to 4 AD) built palaces on Masada as his winter retreat. There may have been a settlement prior to this but no remains have confirmed this. In 66 AD at the start of the Great Jewish Revolt a group of Zealots captured Masada. Over the next 4 years they were joined by fleeing Jews. They lived there for a further 3 or 4 years until the Roman siege in 73 or 74 AD. When they realized that defeat was inevitable they made a pact to kill each other as they considered death preferable to slavery.

At Masada we see an example of Jewish thinking. Another example is the Jewish perspective of Abraham's sacrifice of Isaac. They note Abraham's willingness not whether or not he actually sacrifice his son. As Christians we are called to sacrifice our life choices in order to follow God's choices for our life. Romans 12:1

From Masada we went to En Gadi where David hid from Saul in about 1000 BC. No archaeological findings support this. However it is a good place hide with lots of caves and a water spring.

At En Gadi David could have killed Saul but David did not push his claim to the throne rather he let God bring it about in his own time. We have to give grace to our leaders as God deals with them in his timing. Our responsibility is to be the person God wants us to be.

After lunch we went for a swim in the Dead Sea which was good fun. It is really strange once you lie down it is actually hard to push your feet down as it is so buoyant.

Link to Day 3 & 4.

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